Commercial Pilot is the most important pilot license to start a new career in the aviation. From the dream to the reality, pilot applicant starts their flight training in many flying school around the world from traditional to the fast track program which demand high standard and consistency. However, no matter which program you take (141 or 61) there are a minimum standard according to world civil aviation standard. In fact, not less than expected the commercial pilot who are not qualified to hold their license fly around you. We see the rising number of CPL pilot who are not legally qualified on their airmen certificate. Today, let’s talk about commercial pilot qualification.
Flight Training Journey
Any pilot applicant will have their first flying lesson in the Private Pilot Stage. Private Pilot Certificate allows any person to fly for leisure, fun, or any non-commercial flight purposes, however some privilege might be allowed like a demonstration flight (If you are sales with 200 hours), towing glider, and non-profit flying for charity regulated by 14 CFR Part 61.113.
Furthermore, based on the FAR (Federal Aviation Regulation) to be a commercial pilot who compensate for hire at night or more than 50nm from the departure point the pilot applicant must hold an instrument rating certificate. Therefore, after pass the private pilot stage the applicant need to apply for Instrument Rating and then complete their commercial pilot stage.
Regulation for some countries
In United States the aviation regulation is conducted in the FAR (Federal Aviation Regulation). How about other countries around you?
- Indonesia and ICAO Countries member – CASR (Civil Aviation Safety Regulation)
- Europe – EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency)
- Australia – CAR (Civil Aviation Regulation)
- Malaysia – CAR (Civil Aviation Regulation)
These regulations normally have a specific PART to regulate aviation aspect. For the airmen certification, they use PART 61 as the code. Hence, let’s check what they say about the commercial pilot qualifications especially in the aeronautical experience.
Commercial Pilot Certificate Aeronautical Experience (61.129)
- United States (FAA) – FAR 14 CFR Part 61 ASEL (Aircraft Single Engine Land) Flight Training requires the applicant to have a minimum flight time of 250 hours. The applicant must be trained in the complex airplane which has a retractable landing gear, flaps, and controllable pitch propeller. The good news is based on the Part 61.129 (i) the applicant may Credit a maximum of 50 hours toward the total aeronautical experience requirements for an airplane in the approved flight simulator. For the Part 141 flight training program the applicant might have a check ride with 190 hours’ minimum.
- Indonesia (DKUPPU) – CASR Part 61 ASEL (Aircraft Single Engine Land) Flight Training requires the applicant to have a minimum flight time not less than 200 hours or minimum 150 hours if the flight training is conducted at part 141 or 142 school. The applicant must be trained in the complex airplane which has a retractable landing gear, flaps, and controllable pitch propeller as stated at CASR 61.125 (a) Point (3).
- Malaysia (DCA) – CAR Part 61 Flight Training requires the applicant to have a minimum flight time 200 hours of flying training, out of which 165 hours are on single-engine aero plane and another 35 hours on twin-engine aero plane. This is a mandatory requirement before you are allowed to sit for your flight test.
- Australia (CASA) – CAR Part 61 Flight Training requires the applicant to have a minimum flight time 200 hours of flying training or 150 hours if the training is under an integrated program. This is a mandatory requirement before you are allowed to sit for your flight test. The applicant must be trained in the complex airplane which has a retractable landing gear, flaps, and controllable pitch propeller
Are You a LEGAL Commercial Pilot License Holder?
Each country has its own regulation, however, not all of them even legally follow the law. As the Pilot in Command no matter you flight under Part 91 (General Operation), Part 121 (Scheduled Air Carrier), Part 119 (Air Carrier Operation), or Part 135 (On demand Air Carrier Non Scheduled), you are fully responsible to your:
- Privilege and Safety
- Qualification, Currency and Proficiency
- Airworthiness of your airplane
Should any accident happen and the National Transport Safety Board (NTSB) or any similar organization in your country found that you are not qualified as the PIC under your pilot certificate than the big problem of illegal flying will come after.
Study Case: Commercial Pilot License Complex Airplane Endorsement
Based on the regulations from some countries we believe that the commercial pilot must have a complex aero plane endorsement in their logbook by the authorized flight instructor (using form 61.65) to make you legally earn your Commercial Pilot Certificate. However, based on our survey, we found some problems in many pilots who pass their check ride and get the CPL certificate without any single complex airplane endorsement, while their regulation shows a very clear statement.
The question is should you get your CPL without the complex airplane endorsement or train in that model during your CPL stage:
- Are you a legal pilot?
- Have your flying school conduct a proper and legal training?
If you are not legal, make sure you make a corrective action. Otherwise, you are deal with a crime and has a big chance to be banned to enter other country as a commercial pilot.
14DAYPILOT Flight Academy has a deep concern to the aviation safety and high standard pilot qualification. We keep our student aware about the regulations and help them to be a proficient, safe, and Legal pilot in their region. For more information regarding the flight training, regulations, and other you are most welcome to contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org
Fly safe and keep Legal!